How To Play Dreidel

by melissa

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The Dreidel game is a traditional Hanukkah activity. Here’s how to play dreidel, the rules and the meaning of each symbol. 

Be sure to check out the other posts in our Christmas Around The World Series




On the traditional four-sided dreidel are the Hebrew letters nun, gimmel, hay, and shin. 

They stand for the Hebrew words “Nes Gadol Haya Sham” which means “A great miracle happened there.” 

This Jewish game refers to the miracle that happened over 2000 years ago when after Judas Maccabee and a few brave soldiers defeated the mighty army of a cruel king who tried to make the Jewish people worship idols. The Jews lit the temple lamp. 

Though there was only enough oil in the lamp for a few hours of light, the lamp continued to burn for eight days and eight nights! That is why Hanukkah or “Feast of the Lights” is celebrated for eight days. 




During Hanukkah, people love to play this game. Whether you are Jewish or not, this is a fun Hanukkah activity that any number of people can play.  

All you need is a dreidel and 10 pieces of “Hanukkah Gelt” for each player. 

Shop Dreidels here: 


What to use for Hanukkah Gelt: 

  • pennies
  • candy coins
  • dried beans
  • small stones
  • small candies



Dreidel game is really simple and fun to play. Here are the rules of Dreidel: 

  1. To start the game, each player puts one piece in the center of the table. 
  2. Whenever the pot is totally empty, each player puts another piece in the pot.  (For a shorter game, each player puts one piece in the pot before every person’s turn. 
  3. The first player spins the dreidel.

Here’s what to do depending on what the first player spins: 

  • Nun (nothing) comes up, nothing is done. It is the next player’s turn.
  • Gimmel( everything)- player takes all the pieces in the pot and it is the next player’s turn. 
  • Hay (half)- player takes half the pieces. (If there is an uneven number player takes half plus one). It is the next person’s turn.
  • Shin (put in)- player adds a piece ot the pot and it is the next player’s turn.

The game is over when one player has won all the pieces. 

Print out this Dreidel instructions printable with the rules for Dreidel so that everyone can see them as they play! 

how to play dreidel (1)Have fun celebrating Hanukkah! 



Hadlee Grace November 27, 2020 - 12:16 pm

Melissa!! I might be slightly obsessed with your website!! You just have the best ideas ever and inspire me to introduce new experiences with my family!! I remember singing the dreidel song as a child and this tops the cake being able to actually learn to play it and enjoy it with my kids!!
such a great idea!! thanks for sharing all the goodness and fun family activities you do!! 🙂

melissa December 3, 2020 - 4:12 pm

I’ve never heard the dreidel song, but I’m excited to look it up!


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